Can Plaque Cause Periodontal Disease?

Periodontics Forest Hills, NY

There are numerous causes of periodontal disease, with dental plaque being the leading one. Also known as gum disease, periodontal disease has numerous stages, and it is important to catch it early before it leads to more serious issues. The good news about gum disease is it is preventable with proper treatment of plaque.

Plaque and how it affects dental health

Plaque forms regularly on the teeth. This very sticky substance is created from acids produced from bacteria that feed off starchy and sugary food and beverages. Without proper brushing and flossing, these acids lead to a buildup of plaque that in turn can cause various dental issues.

Plaque can start building up within 20 minutes of eating or drinking. This buildup destroys the enamel of the teeth, which can result in tooth decay, gum disease and infection of the jawbone.

Stages of periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is a serious infection of the gums. Damage occurs over time, and there are numerous stages of the disease based on the amount of destruction to the gum and bone tissues that surround the teeth.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease, and damage can be reversed if caught at this point. At this stage, the gums are inflamed, with signs including swelling, redness and occasional bleeding. The irritated gums begin to lose attachment to the surrounding teeth. This exposes excess enamel and forms a periodontal pocket. Common gingivitis treatments are improved oral hygiene, root planing and tooth scaling.

Early periodontitis

If gingivitis is not treated, the next stage is early periodontitis. This occurs when the inflammation spreads to the bone that supports the teeth. During the early stages, the bacterial plaque continues to burrow between the gums and teeth. This supports the production of bacteria under the gums in gingival pockets.

Symptoms of this stage are gum swelling, gum separation, bleeding, unpleasant breath and slight bone loss. Treatment is the same as it is for gingivitis. Although periodontal disease at this stage is irreversible, there is minimal bone loss, so treatment can stop it from getting worse.

Moderate periodontitis

At this stage, the surrounding tissues and bone become extremely infected. The toxins from the bacteria, as well as the infection-fighting enzymes, further break down the gum tissue and bone. Signs include gum recession, periodontal abscesses, root surface exposure, moderate bone loss and loose teeth.

Some damage control can be done at this stage. Treatment includes surgical methods to stop disease progression.

Advanced periodontitis

This is the final stage of periodontal disease. At this point, the infection has become so severe that teeth begin to fall out. Common signs include spontaneous bleeding, sensitive teeth, pus drainage, constant bad breath, drifting teeth and severe bone loss.

Teeth may need to be extracted to clear the infection. To save the teeth, extensive surgery, which includes grafting of the hard and soft tissues, may be necessary.

Conclusion

Periodontal disease is serious, and the prognosis is not good for people who reach the advanced stages. To manage plaque and avoid advanced gum disease, good habits such as brushing, flossing and limiting sugar are necessary.

Request an appointment here: https://metrosmiles.com or call Metro Smiles Dental at (718) 841-9591 for an appointment in our Forest Hills office.

Check out what others are saying about our dental services on Yelp: Periodontics in Forest Hills, NY.

Recent Posts

Flossing Is An Important Part Of Oral Hygiene

The structures supporting teeth need proper care, or they will become infected and damage the teeth.With such a focus on cleaning the visible surface of the teeth, it can be easy for people to forget about the structure of their teeth. You may not even realize that the structure of the teeth is just as…

Periodontal Health During Pregnancy

Want to understand the importance of periodontal health for pregnant people? People who are pregnant need to make sure their oral health is in good shape, as well as their overall general health. While many people who are pregnant will go to great lengths to make sure that they are eating healthy and exercising on…

What Materials Are Used In An Implant Crown?

An implant crown serves as a replacement for your lost tooth when you opt to replace it with an implant. The implant replaces the missing teeth roots, helping to prevent bone tissue loss due to lost teeth. Implants can be fitted with crowns or other restorations like dentures or bridges to replace missing teeth.The process…

An Implant Dentist Discusses Restoration Options

Have you been thinking about visiting the implant dentist? It may be time to do this if you are ready to restore your smile. Badly damaged or missing teeth can be embarrassing. These issues can also be painful and make it difficult to eat. You can put an end to these troubling issues with different…

Recent Posts

Restoring A Broken Tooth With Dental Bonding

Restoring A Broken Tooth With Dental Bonding

Having a broken tooth is certainly no fun, and it can be challenging to know what to do, but there is a solution called dental bonding. While you’ve probably heard that crowns are the way that dentists fix broken teeth, there’s more than one dental option when it comes to restoring your smile. You must…

Smile Makeover Options For Damaged Teeth

Smile Makeover Options For Damaged Teeth

The latest developments in cosmetic dentistry make it possible for people with damaged teeth to realize their dreams of having a pleasing smile. A smile makeover addresses all aspects of repair and restoration, so you can show your teeth with confidence. These targeted interventions are effective, attractive, and long-lasting.  Teeth are strong, resilient, and durable. In…